Autoimmune disorders are the product of an over-responsive immune system. The immune system is responsible for finding and removing the bacteria, parasites, toxins, and everything else that doesn’t belong in the body. When the immune system starts working overtime, and attacking the body itself, the person has developed an autoimmune disease.
The immune system is designed to recognize anything that is foreign, or not part of the body. It recognizes anything that does not belong, or that is not familiar, and then sends antibodies to attack the foreign substance. Sometimes, due to unknown factors, the immune system changes. It begins registering the parts of the body it is supposed to be protecting as a threat. This causes the antibodies to start attacking the tissues and symptoms within the body, creating a health risk.
The symptoms of autoimmune disorders depend on which part, or parts, of the body the immune system has registered as a threat. Symptoms of Grave’s disease, an autoimmune disorder affecting the thyroid gland, include weight loss, an inability to tolerate heat, sweating, and an irregular heart beat. Scleroderma, an autoimmune disease of the body’s connective tissue, results in pain in the joints, muscle weakness, and a shiny, tight look to the skin. Most of these disorders show signs of inflammation, anemia, and a slight fever.